Japan is remembering 75 years of dropping of “Little Boy” and “Fat Man” on two of its cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by American forces in the fag end of World War II led them to humiliating defeat and surrender their forces. Japan remembers this day every year with a vow to work to make world free of nuclear weapons and horror of another nuclear bombing. Leaders from world gather and take a pledge to make world free of nuclear weapons. Who better than Japan, can understand the severity of nuclear war which killed more than two lakh people at one go? Despite this defeat in the war and subsequent humiliation for decades Japan never tried to undo the history, nor it ever tried to persuade Americans to apologise for the disastrous action which echoed in Japan even today. Rather it is trying to propagate the consequences of nuclear weapons which has brought misery in millions of their lives.
We in India yesterday celebrated the ‘bhumipujan’ event performed by our Prime Minister to construct Ram temple at Babri Masjid demolition site in Ayodhya. This event will certainly be remembered in history for centuries not only because it is considered as birth place of Rama, who represents the symbol of reason, right action and desirable virtues for million of Hindus, but also it signifies the mass assertion of Hindu religion and political mobilisation of a National Party.
The construction of Ram Temple in Ayodhya interestingly, represents the third time denial of history. First, when in 1530s AD when Babur a Turk Mughal King demolished Ram Temple and built a Masjid popularly known as Babri Masjid (as ASI showed the evidence for this in Supreme Court). Second time history was undone when Babri Masjid in 1992 AD was demolished by Hindu enthusiastic Kar Sevaks assembled for a rally. The demolition was followed by large scale communal violence which still echoes in political and social arena of the country. The undoing of history thickened the existing animosities between the two major communities in India.
The question is, like Japan why we cannot accept the history as it is, take learnings from it and move on. A Pew survey carried out few years before, found that more than seventy percent of Americans and Japanese people trust each other. Despite the continuing disagreement over the justification for bombing on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, very few Americans or Japanese believe that either country owes an apology for their respective actions of WWII. Although Japan herself has atoned in the past for its actions of World War II. If this is the new world order, where people remember history not to repeat it, then why not we Indians do the same in the name of nation building and brotherhood.
Let construction of Ram Mandir be the last. For this, role of liberal Intelligentsia from both the communities become very important. Muslim intelligentsia should come forward and become part of grandeur Ram Temple construction and Hindu intelligentsia on their part vociferously and collectively appeal for moratorium on Mathura, Kashi, and Agra. With the active participation of intellectuals in the construction of Ram Temple will pave the way for strong foundation of nation building based on peace, tranquility, dignity, and harmony in the country and ultimately Gandhi’s Ram Rajya of democratic-righteous rule will be realised.